Apache Ranger

Ranger is a framework to enable, monitor and manage comprehensive data security across the Hadoop platform.

The vision with Ranger is to provide comprehensive security across the Apache Hadoop ecosystem. With the advent of Apache YARN, the Hadoop platform can now support a true data lake architecture. Enterprises can potentially run multiple workloads, in a multi tenant environment. Data security within Hadoop needs to evolve to support multiple use cases for data access, while also providing a framework for central administration of security policies and monitoring of user access.

Please read the FAQs if you need to understand how it works over Apache Hadoop components.

Goals Overview

Apache Ranger has the following goals:

  • Centralized security administration to manage all security related tasks in a central UI or using REST APIs.
  • Fine grained authorization to do a specific action and/or operation with Hadoop component/tool and managed through a central administration tool
  • Standardize authorization method across all Hadoop components.
  • Enhanced support for different authorization methods - Role based access control, attribute based access control etc.
  • Centralize auditing of user access and administrative actions (security related) within all the components of Hadoop.


General instructions on how to use the Apache Ranger can be found on the Wiki Page.

In case you have questions regarding the Ranger' usage, please have a look at the FAQ and feel free to contact the user mailing list. The posts to the mailing list are archived and could already contain the answer to your question as part of an older thread. Hence, it is also worth browsing/searching the mail archive.

If you feel like the Apache Ranger is missing a feature or has a defect, you can fill a feature request or bug report in our issue tracker. When creating a new issue, please provide a comprehensive description of your concern. Especially for fixing bugs it is crucial that the developers can reproduce your problem.

Contributors can check out the source codefrom our Git repository


Apache RANGER is an effort undergoing incubation at The Apache Software Foundation (ASF), sponsored by the Apache Incubator. Incubation is required of all newly accepted projects until a further review indicates that the infrastructure, communications, and decision making process have stabilized in a manner consistent with other successful ASF projects. While incubation status is not necessarily a reflection of the completeness or stability of the code, it does indicate that the project has yet to be fully endorsed by the ASF.